UK Met Office
2014 is expected to be the among the hottest years
since records began for the UK and the world, and may well prove to
be the hottest, according to data from the
World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) and the
UK Met Office.
Rising temperatures are already contributing to
greater risks of extreme weather, scientists warn.
A very warm and wet year for the
Met Office figures released today show the mean
UK temperature for 2014 is 1.6 degrees Celsius above the long-term
average. Currently 2006 is the warmest year since records began in
1910, but 2014 looks likely to replace it.
In England, where temperature records stretch
back further, 2014 will be one of the warmest in the
350-year Central England Temperature (CET) record
, the longest instrumental record in the
This year has also been a very wet one for the
UK, and is on course to be the fourth wettest on record. A rainy
December could even put 2014 over the annual record of 1337 mm set
in 2000, says the Met Office.
A record-breaking year for the
Globally, it seems likely that 2014 will be the
hottest since records began in 1850. Average air temperature over
the land and sea surface for 2014 so far is 0.57°C above the
1961-90 average. The previous high of 0.55°C warmer is held jointly
by 2005 and 2010.
The ranking of hottest years is shown in the
chart below. The red bars show years since the turn of the century,
and show that for the most part the hottest years on record have
occurred in the past decade or so.