Renewables provided 15% of the EU's energy in
2013, according to new data published yesterday by Eurostat, the
EU's official statistical body.
The figures show the EU is on track to meet its
20% renewables target in 2020. Transport and heat are lagging
behind progress in electricity, where wind and solar remain
relatively small contributors. The figures also show that the UK is
further behind its 2020 renewable energy target than all other
Carbon Brief breaks down the figures to show how
the EU is progressing towards its 2020 target, which sectors are
going green and where it's getting renewable energy
Member state performance
Under the headline 20% by 2020 EU renewables
target, each member state has its own
goal. These were set
in early 2008 and reflected progress at the time
and capacity to add further renewable energy by 2020. The sum of
national targets adds up to the overall 20% goal.
Progress varies widely among the 28 member states.
For instance, Sweden, which got 39% of its energy from renewables
in 2004, has a 49% target for 2020. It has already exceeded this
target by 3% (far left column, below).
Member states' gaps between their renewable energy
shares in 2013 and their targets for 2020. Sweden (SE) has exceeded
its target. The UK is furthest behind, closely followed by the
Netherlands (NE). Source:
Eurostat. Chart by Carbon Brief.
The UK is near the bottom of the pile, with a
5.1% renewable share in 2013 up from 1.2% a decade earlier. Only
the Netherlands, Luxembourg and Malta get a lower share of their
energy from renewables than the UK.
The UK is further behind its 2020 target than
any other member state, remaining 10% short of its 15% goal
for 2020 (far right column, above). Renewable energy's share of the
energy mix has grown more quickly in the UK than in most other
member states, however.
In the decade to 2013, the UK renewable share
quadrupled, a feat matched only by Belgium, Luxembourg and Malta.
The German renewable share doubled over the same