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Carbon Brief Staff

Carbon Brief Staff

17.05.2018 | 10:07am
DAILY BRIEFING Global warming could make UK and large parts of northern Europe far windier
Global warming could make UK and large parts of northern Europe far windier


Global warming could make UK and large parts of northern Europe far windier

The UK and parts of Northern Europe could experience stronger winds as the result of global warming, potentially resulting in a 10% increase in UK onshore wind generation if temperatures rise by 1.5C above pre-industrial levels, the Mail Online reports. The Independent explains that scientists from the British Antarctic Survey, the University of Oxford and the University of Bristol used data from 282 onshore wind turbines collected over 11 years, as well as climate projections from the HAPPI project, to conduct the research. The findings suggests that wind could become an increasingly important source of energy generation in the UK, as well as in parts of Germany, Poland and Lithuania. Carbon Brief and the Belfast Telegraph also have the story.

Mail Online Read Article
Hundreds of fish species will be forced to migrate north to escape effects of climate change

Hundreds of fish and shellfish will be impelled to migrate to colder waters in the north to avoid the effects of climate change, the Independent writes, potentially putting global fisheries at risk. The new study examined approximately 700 species living around North America, and concluded that two thirds of them would be forced to move north, under high emissions scenarios. Economically important species, such as cod, sea bass and king crab, are likely to be the most severely affected. Dr James Morley of Rutgers University, who is the lead author of the study, explains: “We’ve already seen that shifts of a couple of hundred miles in a species’ range can disrupt fisheries…Under a high carbon emissions future we anticipate that many economically important species will expand into new regions and decline in areas of historic abundance.” He continues: “this study shows that such dislocations will happen all over the continent and on both coasts throughout the 21st century”. Inside Climate News also covers the story.

The Independent Read Article
UK missing deadlines for post-Brexit nuclear safeguards, leak shows

The UK is already missing critical deadlines to put proper safeguards in place to secure the supply of raw material needed for nuclear power stations and medical uses after Brexit, the Guardian reports. The UK must set up its own governing body to regulate the safe transport of the material once it leaves Euratom. A leaked document, first obtained by Sky News, identifies five “high-level risks” in setting up this government body, most crucially working on a new IT system, which should have begun at the end of March.

The Guardian Read Article
Wind power overtakes nuclear energy in UK for first time over last three months

For the first quarter of 2018, wind power provided more of the UK’s energy need that nuclear, at 18.8% compared to 18.76%, according to a report by researchers from Imperial College London. It provided between 12% and 43% of Britain’s electricity demand during the cold spell known as the ‘Beast from the East’, despite concerns over wind’s ability to maintain supply during the cold, the Independent notes. Energy Live News also carries the story.

The Independent Read Article
CAP direct farm payments will be linked to EU climate change targets

Farmers will be asked to increase their efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from livestock and fertiliser use in an overhaul of the European Unoin’s Common Agricultural Policy, the Irish Independent reports. Ireland has one of the highest levels of agricultural emissions per hectare in the EU, and agriculture makes up 33% of Ireland’s emissions. The EU plans to monitor climate compliance via nutrient management plans and will roll out mandatory farm advisory services.

Irish Independent Read Article
Merkel: We must not punish car industry so it can't develop

Chancellor Angela Merkel has said that it is not in Germany’s interests to weaken its scandal-hit car industry to the point where it is not able to invest in future technologies, Reuters reports. Merkel called for Europe to support the development of battery technologies needed if electric vehicles become the cars of the future.

Reuters Read Article

News .

Mysterious rise in emissions of ozone-damaging chemical

Scientists have detected a surprising increase in atmospheric levels of the gas CFC-11, a chlorofluorocarbon, which could hamper the recovery of the ozone hole and worsen climate change, the BBC reports. CFC-11 has been banned since 1987 under the Montreal Protocol, and was seen as declining, but falling emissions have slowed down by 50% since 2012, according to the new paper in Nature. The authors of this research say it’s likely that illegal production of CFC-11 in East Asia is behind the rise. Dr Michaela Hegglin from Reading University, UK, who was not involved in the study, commented: “I hope that somehow the international community can put pressure on South East Asian countries, maybe China, to go and look at whether they can get more information on where the emissions come from. They should tell the industries that’s not going to work.” The New York Times, the IndependentArs TechnicaGrist and Time Magazine also cover the story.

BBC News Read Article


The French stress test for nuclear power

An in-depth feature in the Financial Times looks at the troubled project to build the first European Pressurised Reactor (EPR) – Franco-German technology plagued by delays and billions over budget since it was designed in the 1990s. Now, at Taishan power station in Guangdong, China, the first is on course to become operational within months. “The EPR has become a symbol of the nuclear industry’s struggle to remain competitive”, Ward and Keohane explain. “At stake is the future of the wider French nuclear sector, which is relying on the EPR for long-term growth, at a time when the country’s dependence on atomic power is being questioned”.

Andrew Ward and David Keohane, Financial Times Read Article


Potential impact of 1.5C and 2C global warming on consecutive dry and wet days over West Africa

A new study examines the impact of 1.5C and 2C of global warming above pre-industrial levels on consecutive dry days (CDD) and consecutive wet days (CWD), two key indicators for extreme precipitation and seasonal drought. The findings show changes at both temperature increases, with a reduction in average rainfall across the region. Model certainty was highest for the Guinea Coast, with increases in CDDs and decreases in CWDs. “These projected changes may influence already fragile ecosystems and agriculture in the region,” the researchers say.

Environmental Research Letters Read Article
The global impacts of US climate policy: a model simulation using GCAM-TU and MAGICC

A US withdrawal from the Paris Agreement could make keeping global temperature rise below 2C above pre-industrial levels 6-9% less likely, a new study suggests. Using two Integrated Assessment Models (IAMs), researchers designed two policy scenarios: assuming a temporary delay and a complete stop for US mitigation actions after 2015. The results show the probability of staying below 2C would decrease by 6–9% even if the US resumes mitigation efforts for achieving its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) target after 2025.

Climate Policy Read Article
Global exposure and vulnerability to multi-sector development and climate change hotspots

Global exposure to multiple climate risks approximately doubles between 1.5 C and 2 C of warming above pre-industrial levels, a new study says, and then doubles again with 3C of warming. Using a collection of different models, researchers developed a set of 14 “impact indicators” at different levels of global temperature rise and socioeconomic development covering water, energy and land sectors. The findings show 85%–95% of global exposure falls in Asian and African regions, which have 91%–98% of the exposed and vulnerable population – approximately half of which are in South Asia.

Environmental Research Letters Read Article


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